Need an argumentative essay on Manufacturing Case Study Carbon Fiber Reinfoced Polymer. Needs to be 10 pages. Please no plagiarism.
For example, ethylene (monomer) can be joined up to make a polymer called polyethylene. There are two types of polymers namely: synthetic and natural polymers which are found in substances such as rubber and wood. Cellulose is the largest component of natural polymer found in wood. Other natural polymers include proteins which are important in life processes like growth. The most dominant elements present in natural polymers include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur. On the other hand, synthetic can be produced by man in laboratories or industries. They include polystyrene, nylon, polyethylene, polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride. These types of polymers are sometimes referred to as the plastics.
The laboratory process of making polymers can take up a step growth or chain growth mode. In step growth method, different functional groups react leading to the formation of a new bond. Sometimes a by-product like water may be formed. An example is the formation of nylon by reacting hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid. Contrary, chain growth process involves the addition of monomer to link at a time (David et al 2012). This process must be initiated by a chemical compound. Compounds which are formed by chair step process include polyethylene and polystyrene. Other polymers do not require laboratory or industrial process to be made but are synthesized biologically. They include polysaccharides and cellulose. This usually occurs in the enzyme-catalyzed reaction in the living organism.
The characteristics of polymers are determined by factors like the type of monomer and the arrangement of the monomers. Polymers made from only one kind of monomer are called homopolymer while those containing a different type of monomers are called copolymer. For example, polystyrene and ethylene-vinyl acetates are homopolymer and copolymer respectively. Other polymer consists of ionized units and therefore referred to as polyelectrolyte. Although polymers may .be composed of one kind of monomer the arrangement may completely alter the physical characteristics. .